Coherent and Entangled states are important for Quantum Information Processing.
“E=mc² implies that anything that is not currently energy therefore is mass and can be converted back to energy under the right conditions.”
:. E=mc², F=ma M = F/a Gͨ=980 cm/sec², implies Everything in the Universe has energy, is spinning, partnered (entangled, coherent), gravitational, informational and Interconnected. Some have mass and states and are large enough to measure. Others are small, massless and stateless and called Supersymmetric. Therefore, everything that is not currently energy is mass and can be converted back to energy under the right conditions.”
- “The concept of energy is permanent. It is not sufficient for this concept to only be mathematically defined, measurable and result in consistent results. Energy must have the potential for use. Energy meets these requirements.
- References' research reveals that the physics and the mathematics have moved forward together.
- However, it is impossible to tell where the mathematics ends and the physics begins, and vice versa.
- The real messages of Feynman’s allegory and the reason why energy is confusing is that ‘dark energy’ is also energy, and can be measured (in Joules) and nothing more than the mathematical formulae ½ mv 2 , ∫ F . d r , mgh , ½ kT , ½ CV 2 , qV, mc 2 , and so on.” [Is the idea that "Everything is energy" even coherent?. Stack Exchange] [Everything is Entangled by Roman V. Buniya, Stephen D.H. Hsub, Volume 718, Issue 2, 5 December 2012, Pages 233-236, Physics Letters B, ScienceDirect]
- “Coherent and Entangled states are important for Quantum Information Processing.” [Review of Entangled Coherent States, by B. C. Sanders, Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical 45(24): 244002 (22 pp.), 30 May 2012, 10.1088/1751-8113/45/24/244002, arXiv:1112.1778 [Institute for Quantum Information Science, University of Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, Canada, on 8 Dec 2011, arXiv:1112.1778v1 (quantum-physics) Cornel University]
- “Everything in the Universe is Energy, Even You.” [https://medium.com/what-is-the-real-cause-of-depression/everything-is-energy-even-you-37b52c9645e7]
- Humans are holograms and our Universe is a huge hologram. [Physicist Leonard Susskind, one of the originators of the "holographic principle," 1990s]
- "The Susskind theory helps bridge the gap between Einstein's Theory's about gravity and quantum physics" which then become compatible.
- Ernest Emery 'Shine' Richards also hypothesized the Human and Universe Interconnected energy vibration states and holographic Universe and Human states.
- Richards, "All life on Earth has developed under the influence of this geomagnetic field which varies in structure and dynamic properties via geomagnetic vibrations or pulsations. These vibrations / pulsations are due to the interaction of the plasma waves coming from throughout the Solar System and Cosmos and interacting with the Earth's magnetosphere."
- "Our Human brain and body structures resonate to those continually fluctuating vibrations / pulsations field patterns as they beat against the Earth's, Moon's, and Sun's natural rhythms.
- "[...] The Earth sets up a pattern of electromagnetic vibrations between its circumference frequency, around 7.5 Hertz (cycles per second) and its radius frequency of 47 Hertz (Hz.). The atmospheric cavity Schumann Resonance spectrum has been measured via electronic detection instruments. This Schumann Resonance, which occurs within the Earth and its surrounding energy field, has immediate impact upon planetary life-forms.
- "When we measure our own brainwave electromagnetic signals, we see displayed these very same Earth vibrations. Since the Earth is very much alive vibrationally, these electromagnetic signals are continually changing and interacting. [The Geometry of Infinite Mind 1990 by Ernest Emery Richards] [Cerebral Breathing by E. E. Richards]
- The math that underlies how we understand the biggest things in the universe like galaxies, planets and black holes does make sense when cThe cow jumped over the moon, The little dog laughed, To see such sport, combined with our understanding of the tiniest things, like subatomic particles, when the misconception and misinterpretation of 'spacetime' that Einstein did not actually posit is eliminated; "Hey, diddle, diddle, The cat and the fiddle, Mathematics ran away with the spoon"
- and when there are 5 recognized Einstein Gravitational Forces of Nature. rather than the standard nursery rhyme of 4,
- and thereafter Physicists' 'Mathematical Paradox Lost' is resolved and both sides of the equations are finally equal, See below.
- I.) Quant Gravitational Force: Microtubule, Mind, Physical Acts, Consciousness, Soul etc.
- a. Quantum Coherence Gravitational Force (QCGF, + Positive)
- b. Quantum Decoherence Gravitational Force (QDGF, - Negative).
- 'Everything in the Universe began and continues Spinning.' [12. 25. 15 by MIGUEL SANTOS, FUTURISM]
- Everything in the Universe began and continues with the tiniest things, like subatomic particles and their descendancies, that formulate, underlie and uphold the biggest things in the universe like galaxies, planets and black holes.
Everything has energy, is spinning, partnered, gravitational and Interconnected. Many are large enough to measure and have mass and specific states. Others are small and massless and have Invariant Scales and are immeasurable.
When Information regarding the Willful Aspiration for Faith, Belief, Immortality, Eternity and Foreverness as promised [1 John 2:25] and Love [Mat 22:37] were dedicated for our Universe, Creation began with the ‘Big Bang’ 13.8 Billion Years Ago.
The cavalcade of Divine Intelligent Design Creation and Information distribution began with the slightest immeasurable Higgs and Fermion Entanglement and Coherence states and progressed to and through the in-between to the largest Entanglement and Coherence states of galaxies, planets, suns, stars and black holes and beyond to Humans and grains of sand.
The Master's Plan for the meaning and purpose of Human beings, Homo sapien-sapiens, all other life, 'Mother Nature', the Universe and everything within, was and continues to be the encoding Divine Intelligent Soulful Information in the Neuronetworks of all Human Brain and the preservation of spiritual and physical wellness, that are Our Creator's Holy Temple, the most obvious Imago Dei, Image of God, on Earth.
Degradation and Debasement of Human spiritual and physical wellness, God's Holy Temple and Imago Dei, are unforgivable sins. "Do you know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit, who is in you, whom you have received from God?" [2 Cor. 6:19]. The Humans were and continue to be made in the image and likeness of God the Father, Creator of the Universe. Human Interference with other Humans' spirituality and wellness. God's Holy Temples, are unforgivable sins.
Science, not a sermon continues. Mathematical constants, 'The Laws of Nature', Einstein, E=mc² and you readers were specifically Created. Creation Specifics, DNA, RNA and all other codes didn't appear from a planless puff of Cosmos. Consequently, The in-between Gravitational Forces importantly proceeded and evolved as follows:
Inaccurate Spacetime-Curvature Translations of Einstein’s Theory of Relativity Paved a Primrose Path (‘the easy solutions to questions’) that in actuality caused unnecessary ‘Mathematical Chaos’.
Recently corrections for mistaken translations and interpretations of Einstein's Relativity Theories:
- + correctly recognizing EINSTEIN’S QUANTUM AND LARGE GRAVITATIONAL FORCES
- + realizing that Inertial Energy Fields convert to kinetic Gravitational forces
- + recover the 'Mathematical Paradox Lost'
- + balance the mathematical equations
- + eliminate the shameful Mathematical Chaos unnecessarily created by the mistakes
- These are important realizations.
Quantum Field Theory, Einstein Theories of Relativity, Theory of Everything and the Forces of Nature are Extremely important:
The
Mistranslation, misinterpretation, misinformation and resultant unequaled mathematical equations, resultant Mathematical Chaos are difficult to correct.
- Errors began when Einstein explained in German his Romanian Mathematic consultation
- that resulted in Einstein's misquote:
- Einstein did not say
Gravity is a Consequence of Spacetime-Curvature,
- For the Correction of the misquote: Space is Space, Time is Time, Gravitational Forces are Gravitational Forces and no curvature should factor the mathematics as previously, mistakenly calculated by others [1.]
- The most important 'Final Stage of Human Creation' is impacted by the corrections:
- Humans explicitly Serve the willful Belief in God and Serve the development of their Human Soul.
- “When the heart stops beating and the blood stops flowing through the blood vessels and heart, all Brain Neuron Microtubules lose their Quantum State.
- But the memorized Quantum Information stored in their Soul is not destroyed.
- Einstein said Energy cannot be destroyed and can only change from one form to another.
- . Therefore, the Quantum religious, spiritual and/or meditative information in the e-Soul survives and is transferred outside the Human body into afterward infinite existence”[2.]
References
Pointing-out the conflict of Einstein’s Quantum Gravitational Forces with other persons’ mistranslated and fabricated Spacetime-Curvature concepts, which at the time were inaccurately attributed to Einstein are actually ‘the difficult solutions to the questions’ and importantly proffers more difficult solutions to “Mathematical Chaos'. Non-Spacetime-Curvature solutions to chaos-states with disorders and irregularities of unequaled dynamic mathematical systems are more difficult.” [‘Chaos: from simple models to complex systems, A Vulpiani 2010, books.google.com]
Consider the following 2 Unequal Dynamic Mathematical Units of Measure{
- Gravitational Acceleration = rate of change of velocity i.e. cm/sec² are the units for Acceleration measure
- Spacetime Curvature = Geometric units of measure i.e. are inches, feet, miles etc. for patterns, shapes, squares, triangles, or rectangles.
- The 2 Unequal Dynamic Mathematical Units of Measure, inches, feet, miles etc. and cm/sec², are impossible to equate; like ‘putting a square peg in round hole’
- i.e. square ≠ round
- For example, football fields are measured in yards, not cm/sec²
- Because Gravity is NOT a consequence of Spacetime-Curvature, the Mathematical Chaos cannot calculate a square peg to fit in a round hole’
- and Mathematical Chaos cannot calculate that a square = a round anything.
Teleologically mentalizing, which is also known as deciding the meaning, reason, cause, design and purpose for the existence of an entity in nature, determined that Human Beings, Consciousness, Creation, our Universe and everything within, exclusively SERVE the willful Belief in God and development of the Human Soul ... as a rule, concluded by most science, spiritualists and religions.
For a moment, readers should attempt to get their heads around the aforementioned concept and grasp the conclusion that Humans Beings, Consciousness, Creation and our Universe and everything within, were not spontaneous events, that suddenly sprung-up from clouds and vapors, like Daffodils in Springtime, as some Scientists would prefer the gullible should believe.
Humans Beings, Consciousness, Creation and our Universe and everything within, Serve specific reason, cause, design and purpose; explicitly they Serve the willful Belief in God and development of Human Souls.
Quantum Coherence Gravitational Force (+ Positive QCGF ) and Quantum Decoherence Gravitational Force ( - Negative QDGF) importantly impact Humans Beings, Consciousness, Creation, our Universe and everything within and especially willful Belief in God and development of Human Souls.
Now there are 5 postulated Gravitational Forces of Nature. {{{ mbmsrmd and others }}} Previously there were 4 Natural Forces.
- I.) Quant Gravitational Force: Microtubule, Mind, Physical Acts, Consciousness, Soul etc.
- a. Quantum Coherence Gravitational Force (QCGF, + Positive)
- b. Quantum Decoherence Gravitational Force (QDGF, - Negative)
- 1) Large Gravitational Force
- 2) Weak Gravitational Force
- 3) Electromagnetic Gravitational Force
- 4) Strong Gravitational Force [The 4 Forces of Nature, by Jeremy Rehm October 01, 2019, Space.com] [Now the 5 Forces of Nature] [Gravity, Relic Coherent Gravitons and Optical Chaos by Lawrence B. Crowell and Christian Corda Galaxies 2014, 2(1), 160-188 https://doi.org/10.3390/galaxies 2010160,4 March 2014, (This article belongs to the Special Issue Beyond Standard Gravity and Cosmology)]
Everything has energy, is spinning, quantumly partnered, gravitational and Interconnected. Some are large enough to measure and have mass and states. Others are small and are massless and stateless and called Supersymmetric.
Schrödinger’s Cat experiment has been puzzeling for many. “In 1957, Hugh Everett formulated the many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics, which does not single out observation as a special process.
- Hugh Everett Theory of the Universal Wavefunction, Thesis, Princeton University, (1956, 1973), pp 1–140
- Everett, Hugh (1957). "Relative State Formulation of Quantum Mechanics". Reviews of Modern Physics. 29 (3): 454–462. Bibcode:1957RvMP...29..454E. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.29.454. Archived from the original on 2011-10-27. Retrieved 2011-10-24. [Wikipedia]
In the Schrödinger’s Cat experiment 'many-worlds interpretation' analogous gibberish both alive and dead states of the cat persist after the box is opened, but are decoherent from each other. In other words, when the box is opened, the observer and the possibly-dead cat split into an observer looking at a box with a dead cat, and an observer looking at a box with a live cat. But since the dead and alive states are decoherent, there is no effective communication or interaction between them.
In this reporter's Schrödinger’s Cat experiment interpretation examples are represented by sons, daughters, fathers and grandfathers, because Humans, DNA, RNA and other Human Divine Intelligent Design Codes are more realistic than comparison of alive and dead cats. Humans often expend energy imagining Humans and codes.
When the experimental picture box (representing a different encountered environment) is opened and the Particle son looks into the box and sees both his father and his grandfather's Energetic states that persist after the box is opened and the Energetic father and Energetic grandfather states are having nothing to do with each other and are not attached because of the different environmental effect and there is no effective communication or interaction between Energetic father and Energetic grandfather states, the separated Energetic father and Energetic grandfather states are described as decoherent.
However, when opening the box, because of another encountered different environment, the son then becomes entangled with the Energetic father state and the Energetic son becomes separately entangled the Energetic grandfather states, then the "son states", the Energetic father states and Energetic grandfather states form entanglement or linkage; each Particle son state is entangled or linked with the Energetic father and each Particle son state is entangled or linked with the Energetic grandfather states so that the "observation of the Energetic father and Energetic grandfather states correspond with each other.
Conversely, when a different environment is encountered i.e. experimentally when the box is opened, and the Particle daughter, rather than Particle son, looks in, when the Energetic father and Energetic grandfather states are described as decoherent, then the Particle daughter can become entangled with the Energetic father states and separately entangled the Energetic grandfather states. Then the "Particle daughter states", the Energetic father states and Energetic grandfather states entangled or linked states are formed; each Particle daughter state is entangled or linked with the Energetic father and each Particle daughter state is entangled or linked with the Energetic grandfather states so that the "observation of the Energetic father and Energetic grandfather states correspond with each other.
In plain Scientific Language, Superposition Partner Sensory Signals undergo hybrid Quantum re-Coherence and/or Quantum re-Entanglement by Einstein positive Quantum Gravitational Forces’ (+GF) with Human Brain Microtubule tubulin-bit receiver cohort partners and form Information Qubits for transmission to the appropriate NeuroNetworks for the appropriate Neurophysiological Actions, reflexes, thinking, emotions and memories, all Human Brain functions and Consciousness.[Consciousness in the universe: A review of the ‘Orch OR’ theory by Stuart Hameroff and Roger Penrose, Volume 11, Issue 1, 2014, Pages 39-78, Physics of Life Reviews, ISSN 1571-0645, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plrev.2013.08.002. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1571064513001188)]
Quantum decoherence ensures that the different outcomes have no interaction with each other. The same mechanism of quantum decoherence is also important for the interpretation in terms of consistent histories. Only the alive father and his alive grandfather states can be a part of a consistent history in this interpretation. Decoherence is prevents simultaneous observation of multiple states.
1. Zurek, Wojciech H. (2003). "Decoherence, einselection, and the quantum origins of the classical". Reviews of Modern Physics. 75 (3): 715. arXiv:quant-ph/0105127. Bibcode:2003RvMP...75..715Z. doi:10.1103/revmodphys.75.715. S2CID 14759237.
2. Wojciech H. Zurek, "Decoherence and the transition from quantum to classical", Physics Today, 44, pp. 36–44 (1991)
“Just as bits are the fundamental object of information in classical computing, qubits (quantum bits) are the fundamental object of information in quantum Human Brain computing. While a bit, or binary digit, can have a value either 0 or 1, a qubit can have a value that is either 0, 1 or a quantum superposition of 0 and 1. [Understanding quantum computing, 12/10/2021, Microsoft]
When signals are transmitted through Human ears to the Brain and Neuronetworks, Brain Neuron Cells’ Microtubule Memristors (Transistors) (‘Logic Gates) entanglements and decoherence are essential.
Einstein’s positive (+QGF) and negative (-QGF) Quantum Gravitational Forces protect Human Soul formation inside the Human body and protect the Human Soul during its transmission to infinite Eternity after it leaves the deceased Human body.
Einstein’s positive (+QGF) and negative (-QGF) Quantum Gravitational Forces are fundamental for Human Brain Neuron Microtubule ‘Orchestrated Objective Reduction’, (Orch OR), the mechanism that makes Microtubules ‘tick-tock’.
(Orch OR) is fundamental for all Human Mental and Physical Brain Activity, Memory, Sensory and Motor functions, reflexes, every Brain process and action and the Key to Dr. Stuart Hameroff and Sir Roger Penrose ‘Theory of Consciousness’.
Negative Quantum Gravitational Force’ (-QGF) Protects Human Brain Neuron normal Microtubule Decoherence of Sensory Stimuli Superposition States, ‘Diósi-Penrose Orch OR’, Orchestrated Reduction, rendering them ready for action because immediately after that process, Einstein Biological positive, warm, wet Quantum Gravitational Force’ (+QGF) prepares those Sensory Stimuli and facilitates Coherence of the Sensory Stimuli Signal Energy Information State with the appropriate NeuroNetwork Neurons’ Microtubule Tubulin Bit. Processes also found in Biological Photosynthesis and Bird Migration.
After ‘dressed’, processed and made actionable by the Microtubule Multidirectional Memristors and forming Superposition Sensory Signal Energy State-Microtubule Information Tublin Qubits Oscillating with Invariant Scale ‘Beat Frequencies’ (Bandoparryhay), these ‘dressed’, processed and made actionable Sensory Signal processes are an Impossible Mechanism for cold, dry, dark Artificial Intelligence“.
The ‘‘dressed’, processed and made actionable Qubits are found on oscillating dipoles forming superposed resonance rings in helical pathways throughout lattices of microtubules.
"The oscillations are either electric, due to charge separation from London forces, or magnetic, due to electron spin and also due to nuclear spins (that can remain isolated for longer periods) that occur in gigahertz, megahertz and kilohertz frequency ranges.[2][7].
“The oscillations are Harmonious Like “Beat Frequencies of Indian music.” [Bandyopadhyay].
Einstein (+) and (-) Quantum Gravitational Forces (QGF) Special Mechanisms protect the Microtubule processes like Event Horizons protect black holes.
Additionally, ‘Einstein’s +Quantum Gravitational Force’ (+QGF) Prevents ‘Environmental Decoherence’ of the Human e-Soul (energy-Soul) outside-the-body-in-space when the e-Soul departs the deceased Human body.
Human Brain Sensory Signals when received, ‘dressed’, processed and made actionable, undergo Human Brain Neuron Cell Microtubule Biological warm, wet, light Orchestrated Reduction to Scale Invariant Superposition Partner incoming Brain Sensory Energy States. (as opposed to cold, dry, dark non-Biological machine artificial intelligence).
Then Sensory Signals undergo Microtubule Decoherence and/or Disengagement by Einstein negative Quantum Gravitational Forces’ (-GF), that push them apart.
The Superposition Partner Sensory Signals undergo hybrid Quantum re-Coherence and/or Quantum re-Entanglement by Einstein positive Quantum Gravitational Forces’ (+GF) with Human Brain Microtubule tubulin-bit receiver cohort partners and form Information Qubits for transmission to the appropriate NeuroNetworks for the appropriate Neurophysiological Actions, reflexes, thinking, emotions and memories, all Human Brain functions and Consciousness.[Consciousness in the universe: A review of the ‘Orch OR’ theory by Stuart Hameroff and Roger Penrose, Volume 11, Issue 1, 2014, Pages 39-78, Physics of Life Reviews, ISSN 1571-0645, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plrev.2013.08.002. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1571064513001188)]
Quantum Superposition: Rather than Schrödinger’s Cat Experiment consider
- if 2 energetic sisters living together (partnered entangled, coherent states) and marry 2 nervous brothers living together (partnered entangled, coherent states), then #1 energetic sister and #1 nervous brother and #2 energetic sister and #2 nervous brothers live together (partnered entangled, coherent states).
- If both couples divorce and return to live with siblings as before or other persons they are
re-superposed (partnered entangled, coherent states).
- Of course they can become unentangled and uncoherent many times thereafter.
- any 2 (or more) Quantum States can be "Superposed" added together resulting in other valid Quantum States
- “Coherent and Entangled Quantum States are important for Quantum Information Processing.” [Review of Entangled Coherent States, by B. C. Sanders, Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical 45(24): 244002 (22 pp.), 30 May 2012, 10.1088/1751-8113/45/24/244002, arXiv:1112.1778 [Institute for Quantum Information Science, University of Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, Canada, on 8 Dec 2011, arXiv:1112.1778v1 (quantum-physics) Cornel University]
- Every Quantum State can be the sum of 2 or more other Distinct States.
- Sensory Signals’ Energy Superposition Partnered Quantum Coherent States (2 energetic sisters living together) are Neurotransmitted to Human Brain Neuron intercellular Microtubules
- and there Einstein negative Quantum Gravitational Forces (-QGF) performs Quantum DeCoherence (sisters separate)
- and there Einstein positive Quantum Gravitational Forces (+QGF) performs ReCoherence (like sister 1 with 2) with Human Brain Microtubule tubulin-bit receiver cohort Neurotissue partners (like brother 1 with 2 or with other persons)
- and form Information Qubits (like sister 1 and 2 with brother 1 and 2 living together or others) for further transmission to the appropriate NeuroNetworks
- and there (-QGF) divorced and transmitted to the appropriate different Neuronetworks for ReCoherence (+QGF) marriage with different partners) for various Neurophysiological Actions, reflexes, thinking, emotions and memories, all Human Brain functions and Consciousness and Soul a Consciousness Sub-Type. [Consciousness in the universe: A review of the ‘Orch OR’ theory by Stuart Hameroff and Roger Penrose, Volume 11, Issue 1, 2014, Pages 39-78, Physics of Life Reviews, ISS 15710645, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plrev.2013.08.002. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1571064513001188)]
Einstein’s Quantum Gravitational Forces (QGF) preceded “The 4 nowadays classically described ‘Fundamental Forces of Nature’ that govern most everything that happens in the Universe” [by Jeremy Rehm October 01, 2019, Space.com] which are:
- I. Einstein’s Quantum Gravitational Forces (QGF) were Fundamental Natural Relic Forces
- 1. Einstein's Gravitational Force
- 2. The weak Gravitational Force
- 3. Electromagnetism Gravitational Force
- 4. The strong force Gravitational Force
Recently ‘Einstein’s Quantum Gravitational Forces (QGF), the Fundamental Relic Force of Nature’, were declared ‘new forces’; QGF is probably the most important and most Fundamental Relic Forces of Nature.
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The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time is a 1973 [Wikipedia] is a book (a treatise: systematic exposition or argument in writing including a methodical discussion of the facts and principles involved and conclusions) on the theoretical physics of spacetime by the physicist Stephen Hawking and the mathematician George Ellis.
[1] Gibbons, G. W.; Shellard, E. P. S.; Rankin, S. J. (23 October 2003). The Future of Theoretical Physics and Cosmology: Celebrating Stephen Hawking's Contributions to Physics. Cambridge University Press. p. 177. ISBN 978-0-521-82081-3.
2. 'The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time' is a 1973 Cambridge University Press paperback on the theoretical physics of spacetime by the physicist Stephen Hawking and the mathematician George Ellis. Pages 384, ISBN 978-0521200165. It is intended for specialists in general relativity rather than newcomers.
In the mid-1970s, advances in the technologies of astronomical observations – radio, infrared, and X-ray astronomy – opened up exploration and conclusions of our Universe (and everyone had one).
New tools became necessary. Hawking and Ellis book attempted to establish the axiomatic foundation (axiom, postulate or assumption is a statement that is taken to be true) for the geometry of four-dimensional spacetime curvature (which had been mistranslated and miss interpreted from Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity and Romanian Mathematical Consultation ) and then derive its physical consequences for singularities, horizons, and causality.
The tools for studying Euclidean geometry were a straightedge and a compass, Whereas those needed to investigate spacetime curvature were tools for test particles and light rays.[2]
According to the mathematical physicist John Baez from the University of California, Riverside, The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time was "the first book to provide a detailed description of the revolutionary topological methods [3]
Hawking co-wrote the book with Ellis, while he was postdoctoral fellow at the University of Cambridge. In his 1988 book A Brief History of Time, he describes The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time as "highly technical and unreadable for the layperson.”
The book, now considered a classic, (by those believers, has also appeared in paperback format and has been reprinted many times.(Misinformation and Mathematical Chaos from ‘Hawking and Ellis aspiring authorities’ while postdoctoral fellow at the University of Cambridge attempt to establish the axiomatic foundation for the geometry of four-dimensional spacetime (which was mistranslated and miss interpreted from Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity and Romanian Mathematical Consultation ).
Mistranslation, misinterpretation, misinformation and resultant unequaled mathematical equations, and resultant Mathematical Chaos are difficult to understand and correct.
- Einstein’s German explanation of his Romanian Mathematics consultation
- that resulted in his misquote: Einstein did not say
Gravity is a Consequence of Spacetime,
- but unfortunately explained in that context by Hawking and Ellis’ 1973 book
- in an attempt to establish the axiomatic foundation for the geometry of 4-dimensional spacetime curvature
- (axiom, postulate or assumption, not an hypothesis, is a statement taken to be true)
- and then published in dialect by Cambridge University Press,
- 18 years after Einstein’s death, who was unable to correct the mistakes.
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[SPACE-TIME CURVATURE AND RELATIVITY, in Quantum Field Theory by Rodney Brooks] [Fields of Color: The theory that escaped Einstein, December 15, 2010, by Rodney A. Brook,; 3rd Edition (December 15, 2010]
“Fields of Color explains Quantum Field Theory, in its “fields only” sense, to a lay audience, without equations. It shows how this theory resolves the paradoxes of Quantum Mechanics, such as wave-particle duality (“what is real?”), entanglement (“beyond weird”), “spooky” action-at-a-distance, the measurement problem (Schrödinger’s cat), the uncertainty principle, and the double-slit experiment (“Through two doors at once”). Quantum Field Theory (QFT) also resolves the paradoxes of Relativity, including time dilation, Lorentz contraction, the speed limit, and space-time curvature. QFT even incorporates quantum gravity and provides a simple derivation and meaning for E = mc² (the only equation permitted in the book).
“The answer in Quantum Field Theory is simple: Space is Space and Time is Time and Gravitational Forces are Gravitational Forces and there is no curvature.
“In Quantum Field Theory gravity is a quantum field in ordinary three-dimensional space, just like the other 3 force fields (electromagnetic, strong and weak)
- gravity is a force field like the other force fields in Quantum Field Theory,
- shame on those who try to foist and force the four-dimensional concept onto the public as essential to the understanding of relativity theory.
- The idea of space-time curvature also had its origin in mathematics. When searching for a mathematical method that could embody his Principle of Equivalence, Einstein was led to the equations of Riemannian geometry.
- And yes, these equations describe four-dimensional curvature, for those who can visualize it.
- You see, mathematicians are not limited by physical constraints; equations that have a physical meaning in three dimensions can be generalized algebraically to any number of dimensions.
- But when you do this, you are really dealing with algebra (equations), not geometry (spatial configurations)
- In QFT, the gravitational field is just another force field, like the EM, strong and weak fields, albeit with a greater complexity that is reflected in its higher spin value of 2.
- While QFT resolves these paradoxical statements, I don’t want to leave you with the impression that the theory of quantum gravity is problem-free.
- While computational problems involving the Electromagnetic field were overcome by the process known as renormalization, similar problems involving the quantum gravitational field have not been overcome.
- Fortunately they do not interfere with macroscopic calculations, for which the QFT equations become identical to Einstein’s.
- Once again you the reader have a choice, as you did in regard to the two approaches to special relativity.
- The choice is not about the equations, it is about their interpretation.
- Einstein’s equations can be interpreted as indicating a curvature of space-time, unpicturable as it may be, or as describing a quantum field in three-dimensional space, similar to the other quantum force fields.
- To the physicist, it really doesn’t make much difference. Physicists are more concerned with solving their equations than with interpreting them.
- If you will allow me one more Weinberg quote: “The important thing is to be able to make predictions about images on the astronomers photographic plates, frequencies of spectral lines, and so on, and it simply doesn’t matter whether we ascribe these predictions to the physical effects of gravitational fields on the motion of planets and photons or to a curvature of space and time.” (The reader should be warned that these views are heterodox and would meet with objections from many general relativists.) – Steven Weinberg
- So if you want, you can believe that gravitational effects are due to a curvature of space-time (even if you can’t picture it). Or, like Weinberg (and me), you can view gravity as a force field that, like the other force fields in Quantum Field Theory (QFT), exists in three-dimensional space and evolves in time according to the field equations.
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